A job analysis identifies and describes what is happening in the jobs at a nonprofit. All organizations must undergo this process, as it helps to differentiate job and performance requirements based on job content, specifications, and working conditions. All of this information will be crucial when developing a job description.
In "The Big Book Of HR," Barbara Mitchell and Cornelia Gamlem describe the information your organization should obtain in a job analysis:
- A job's context or its purpose, its work environment, and its place in the organization.
- The duties and responsibilities that employees carry out in the position.
- How people in the job are expected to act while accomplishing their work.
- Get direct employee and supervisor input.
- Gather data from multiple incumbents and supervisors.
- Use techniques that yield data that is concise, easy to update, and limits bias.